Make your own free website on Tripod.com

HUASCARAN NATIONAL PARK - PERU


The Huascaran National Park in Peru, has more than 550 species of flora, which form different associations in relation to altitude. The diversity of species is bigger in the lower parts and it reduces as altitude is higher.
In the higher parts, above 4,500 mts., only the high Andean plant communities and the high specialized plants survive, supporting the rough weather conditions of this ecosystem.

FAUNA
There is a great variety of birds and a few animals that can be seen in the National Park. There is species in danger of extinction, such as:
-"Oso de Anteojos". Spectacled Bear
-"Andean Condor".
-"Taruca". Type of deer.
-"Vizcacha". A rabbit squirrel.

FLORA MOSTLY SEEN IN THE PARK

ANCHIS
Satureja elliptica
Mint Family
Lamiaceae

Shrub 2 mts. tall. Orange or red trumpet-shaped flower, has a mint smell. Grows at 3,500 to 4,400 mts. Used as a tea to help digestion.

 
ANCOSH
Senecio canescens
Composite Family
Asteraceae

Plant of 45 cms. tall. Has golden flower heads, soft leaves of grayish-white color. Grows on the puna at 4,100 to 4,400 mts. Used for treating coughs.

 


CAMPANITA
Bomarea albimontana
Lily Family
Liliaceae

Vine of tubular bells; pink-reddish sepals cover; yellow petals with purple spots in the inside. Grows at 3,900 to 4,850 mts.



CURICASHA
Matucana yanganucensis
Cactus Family
Cactaceae

Barrel-shaped cactus, 10 to 30 cms. diameter, flowers are bright magenta to scarlet, pink with numerous spines. Grows at 3,500 to 3,600 mts.

 

CHINCHI
Brachyotum rostratum
Melastomataceae

Shrub of 1.5 to 2 mts. tall. Flowers are tubular with violet petal and red calyx. Lance-shaped leaves. Grows at 3,600 to 4,400 mts.

 

 


ICHU
Stipa ichu
Grasses Family
Poaceae (Gramineae)

Grass of 50 cms. to 1 mt. tall. Stems are light brown and very sharp. Grows at 3,000 to 4,600 mts. Used to making roofs of huts.

 


JAPRU
Gynoxys sp.
Composite Family
Asteraceae

Tree of 5 to 7 mts. tall. Has yellow flowers, leaves are dark green on the top and grayish-white on the bottom. Grows at 3,300 to 4,500 mts. Used as firewood.

 


JUPEY CHUCRU
Monnina salicifolia
Polygalaceae

Shrub of 2 to 3 mts tall. Flowers of blue or violet color with a yellow lip, lanced-shaped leaves. Grows at 2,600 to 4,800 mts. Used as a dye.

 

 


TARWI
Lupinus sp.
Sweet Pea
Family Fabaceae

Shrub of 1 mt. tall. Blue-violet flowers with a yellow center, leaves are grayish-green. Grows at 3,700 to 4,000 mts. A cultivated variety is eaten.

 

 
TAULLI
Lupinus weberbauerii
Sweet Pea Family
Fabaceae

Erect herbaceous plant of 1 to 1.20 mts. tall. Has a single stem in the middle and grayish-green leaves. Grows at 4,200 to 4,200 mts.

 

 


MAYU WETA
Browallia multiflora
Potato Family
Solanacea

Plant of 30 to 40 cms. tall. Flower of light violet color. It's called MAY FLOWER. Grows at 4,200 to 4,600 mts.

 


MILLI MILLI
Bomarea dulcis
Lily Family
Liliaceae

Vine with tubular bells. Reddish-pink with dark purple or black edges; in the inside its yellow with green color. Grows at 3,900 to 4,800 mts.

 


ÑAWI PASHTA
Solanum hispidum
Potato Family
Solanaceae

Shrub of 1 to 1.5 mts. tall; violet flowers with yellow anthers. Grows at 3,000 to 3,800 mts.

 


POTOCSHU
Calceolaria sp.
Snapdragon Family
Scrophulariaceae

Shrub of 1 to 2 mts. tall; yellow slipper shape flower. Grows at 3,400 to 4,300 mts. Used as a diuretic.


 


ORQUIDEA
Pterichis triloba
Orchid Family
Orchidaceae

Orchid of 30 to 50 cms. tall; yellow white flowers, arranged in a raceme shape. Grows at 3,700 to 4,000 mts.


 


PUYA
Puya raimondii
Bromeliad Family
Bromeliaceae

Rare plant with a thick stem up to 12 meters tall; 20,000 flowers, with basal leaves have sharp spines along the edges. Grows at 4,000 mts.


 


PUPA
Tristerix longibracteatus
Mistel Toe
Family Loranthaceae

Parasitic shrub of 40 to 60 cms. tall; orange red flowers that have a shape of thin trumpets. Grows on the trees such as the quenual or japru at 3,700 to 4,500 mts. Its used as a black dye.

 


QESHQI
Puya angusta
Bromeliad Family
Bromeliaceae

Plant that has a long stem of 1.5 mts. tall; leaves have a hook type spine on its edges; flowers dark gray.


 


QUENUAL
Polylepis sp.
Rose Family
Rosaceae

Tree of 10 to 12 mts. tall; orange colored bark, that peels in sheets. Grows at 3,500 to 4,500 mts. Its used as a dye and cooking wood.


 


RETAMA
Spartium junceum
Sweet Pea Family
Fabaceae

Shrub of 1 to 1.5 mts. tall; yellow flowers. Grows up to 3,500 mts. Used as a dye.



 


RIMA RIMA
Krapfia weberbauerii
Buttercup Family
Ranunculaceae

Plant of 20 to 30 cms. tall; the flower has a red cover with a yellow inside. Grows at 4,100 to 4,700 mts.

 


NO COMMON NAME
Senecio comosus
Composite Family
Asteraceae

Plant of 50 cms. tall; yellow flowers; serrated leaves. Grows at 3,500 to 4,500 mts.

 


SHOQUMPA
Salvia oppositiflora
Mint Family
Lamiaceae

Plant of 50 to 60 cms. tall; red tubular flower. Grows at 3,200 to 3,500 mts.

 


TSACPA
Oreocallis graniflora
Proteaceae

Shrub of 2 to 3 mts. tall; Reddish pink, cream flower. Grows at 3,400 to 3,900 mts.


 


NO
COMMON NAME
Villadia imbricata
Orpine Family
Crassulaceae

Succulent plant of 10 to 15 cms. tall; white star shape flower with red stem. Grows at 3,800 to 3,900 mts.

 



WAQANCU
Masdevallia amabilis
Orchid Family
Orchidaceae

Orquid of 20 to 25 cms. tall; red flower with 3 pointed petals. Grows at 3,600 to 3,900 mts.

 


WARQU
Opuntina flocossa
Cactus Family
Cactaceae

Cactus that grows in colonies; red and pink flowers. Grows at 3,900 to 4,500 mts.



 


WISHLLAQ
Cassia hookeriana
Sweet Pea Family
Fabaceae

Shrub of 1 to 2 mts. tall; yellow flowers. Grows at 2,600 mts. to 3,300 mts. Used as dye.

 

 

FAUNA SPECIES IN DANGER OF EXTINCTION IN THE PARK


ANDEAN CONDOR

   

 

 


OSO DE ANTEOJOS

 

 

 

 


VISCACHA

 

 

 

THANK YOU FOR VISITING MY PAGE AT TRIPOD, PLEASE COME BACK AND VISIT AGAIN.

 

 
Last Update: 25/Feb/2014   © COPYRIGHT 2014       ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
Submit your website to 20 Search Engines - FREE with ineedhits!  Submit Your Site To The Web's Top 50 Search Engines for Free!  Sonic Run: Internet Search Engine  ExactSeek - Relevant Search  Amfibi Web Search & Directory  Free SEO Tools 
Active Search Results